Korean War Propaganda Leaflets - 1951 - 1952 - 1953
KOREAN WAR PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS - 1951 - 1952 - 1953
An interesting selection of 20 propaganda leaflets issued by EUSAK Headquarters in Seoul, South Korea informing the Communist Chinese and North Korean soldiers and citizens that the UN troops will welcome them. Eighteen of the twenty have been translated while two have not. All are in very good condition.
KOREAN WAR PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS
1). 8 March 1951
PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE SECTION. Headquarters, EUSAK APO 301. The leaflet was issued as a surrender appeal to Communist Platoon Leaders. The sketch shows a Chinese Platoon Leader surrendering with his platoon. “When you see the UN Forces, order your men to throw down their weapons and raise their hands above their heads. The UN Forces will treat you well.”
2). 25 March 1951
PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE SECTION. Headquarters, EUSAK APO 301. This was the standard back surrender leaflet directed to CCF troops whose flan was left exposed when NK I Corps pulled out and fled.”Your North Korean friends have deserted you! UN troops will welcome you. Follow the instructions on the reverse side of this leaflet.”
3). 19 June 52
HEADQUARTERS FAR EAST COMMAND. PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE SECTION. First Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Grooup. APO 500. The Communist Dance Named Aggression. The leaflet (for Plan Fraud) was designed to convince the individual soldier that Chinese Communist leaders have betrayed the Chinese people. “You know for a fact that the Communist dance which is named aggression has all but ruined China and her people. 1) Chinese sons have been forced against their will to cross the Yalu and meet their death in a foreign land. 2) Chinese farmers and merchants are forced to pay exorbitant taxes to support Chinese aggression in Korea. These taxes are so high that most of the Chinese people are poorer now now than over before. The Communists promised you freedom. But instead of giving you freedom they have enslaved you. If not, why are you fighting a war in a foreign land now?”
4). 27 July 1952.
PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE DIVISION, G3. Headquarters, EUSAK APO 301. This leaflet was designed to create dissension between soldiers in the field and their political leaders at home.
5). 2 December 1952
PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE DIVISION, G3. Headquarters, EUSAK APO 301. The text and art work was by Psywar, ROKA. The poster explains that payment of taxes provides the government with means to resist Communism. There are various sketches showing payment of taxes, war scene, education, and communications.
6). 7 March 1953
PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE DIVISION, G3. Headquarters, Eighth United States Army. APO 301. The purpose of the leaflet was a welcome to 133rd CCF Division. This leaflet was requested by 2nd Infantry Division and is the story of an escape and a good treatment testimonial from a CCF deserter to his former buddies.
7). PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE DIVISION, G 3. Headquarters, EUSAK. APO 301.
The leaflet is an “invitation to a “Gift” feast and was requested by Psywar Officer, IX Corps, for delivery to unites staing preparations have been made to feed PsW menu as promised. This is a effort ro obtain PsW because of a dearth of same. This will be an occasion for the United Nations to demonstrate their good will towards our friends in the CCF who wish to live in the safety of UN lines.”
8). PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE SECTION. Headquarters, EUSAK – AF. 301. Concerns good treatment and surrender appeal. The leaflet was directed at 27th CC Army which has replaced the 20th Army. PSW in photo surrendering as unit. “Under the constant bombardment and strafing of UN airplanes we suffered like hell. Our platoon leader, Loo Ming-Yu, took seven of us and we hid in a canyon while units of the 27th CC Army were relieving us. During daylight hours we went over to UN lines. Now we eat three meals a day --- how much better than the Communists’ chaomien!”
9). PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE SECTION. Headquarters, EUSAK APO 301. This was the surrender message both in Chinese and Korean. “The UN forces are miles behind your rear and are cutting you off from reinforcements. You will nto be able to receive food or supplies…. If you want to save the lives of your men you will stack arms and surrender honorably to the nearest UN troops. Men of the CCF. If your officers insist on sacrificing your lives, this is your chance to get away from your doomed unit. Come as a friend to UN troops and save your lives. You will receive food and good treatment.
10). 7 February 1953
HEADQUARTERS. 1ST RADIO BROADCASTING AND LEAFLET GROUP. 8239TH ARMY UNIT. APO 500. The Free World Weakly Digest, Issue No. 101. 7 February No. 101. Basically shows news of the free world through cartoon strip and illustration.
11). 26 February 1953.
HEADQUARTERS. 1ST RADIO BROADCASTING AND LEAFLET GROUP. 8239 Army Unit. APO 500. The leaflet concerns slave labor with the front illustration being of Chinese communist guards herding Chinese into an inclosure with sign reading, “Reform through Labor Camps #135” and an insert of mao talking to Liu. The back is an illustration of Russian communist guards herding Chinese into a freight train with the boxcars marked “Consigned to Russia”. “Don’t you die for Russia”.
12). 18 April 1953
HEADQUARTERS. 1ST RADIO BROADCASTING AND LEAFLET GROUP. 8239th AU, APO 500. Free World Weekly Digest, Issue No. 108. Photographs and cartoon. Events taking place in the free world including the Armistice News Summary that the communists accept the UN proposal.
13). 28 May 1953
HEADQUARTERS. 1ST RADIO BROADCASTING AND LEAFLET GROUP. 8239TH AU, APO 500. Free World Weekly Digest, Issue Nr. 114. Photographs and cartoon strip. States many events which are going on in the free world including the Atomic Cannon.
14). 4 June 1953
HEADQUARTERS. 1ST RADIO BROADCASTING AND LEAFLET GROUP. 8239TH AU, APO. 500. Illus. The leaflet (Divisive) was designed to increase the Chinese soldier’s resentment toward communism by raising the question of actual conditions back in China as a result of the New Marriage Law, patterned after the Russian methods.
15). 8 July 1953.
HEADQUARTERS. 1ST RADIO BROADCASTING AND LEAFLET GROUP. 8239 AU, APO 500. Free World Weekly Digest, Issue No. 119. Cartoon strip and photos. A weekly news sheet showing the communist soldier what was taking place in the free world.
16). 4 January 1954
HEADQUARTERS. 1ST RADIO BROADCASTING AND LEAFLET GROUP. 8229TH au, apo 500. This was a special news sheet designed to keep the non-repatriated Pws informed on currant events which are of interest. Photographs and cartoon strip.
17). 10 January 1953.
FAR EAST COMMAND. First Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Grouop. Apo 500. Free World Weekly Digest, Issue No, 97. Photographs and cartoon strip. News of the free world including a photo of Hollywood movie stars entertaining UN soldiers behind the front lines during the Christmas season.
18). 6 December 1952.
FAR EAST COMMAND. First Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Group. APO 500. The leaflet is a story of an escape No. 2 and how one man escaped to the UN. The point of the leaflet was to influence others to do the same. Photograph of a Chinese soldier enjoying the comfort of a UN PW Camp with the back being a six panel illustration of an escape by a Chinese soldier. Hot food, warm clothes, protection from the cold – you’ll get this with the UN. You’ll be free from the communists!
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